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Florida History

Discussion in 'Florida The Historic History of Florida' started by fishingfool, Oct 21, 2015.

  1. fishingfool

    fishingfool Lieutenant
    Thread Started By

    Ponce de Leon landed on the Florida coast in 1513. He named the area la Florida which loosely translates to beautiful landscape. The French settled Fort Caroline on the St. John’s River bluff near Jacksonville in 1564 and the Spanish settled St. Augustine in 1565. The Spanish destroyed the French settlement and all but one settler left after one year. Pensacola was settled in 1698. When the British captured Havana in 1763, Spain agreed to trade Florida for Havana. The King of England established East and West Florida with separate governors. New Smyrna was the largest settlement in 1767.

    England traded Florida back to Spain in 1783 for some islands in the West Indies. Two of my gr-gr-gr grandfathers, John Knight and John Tolson Lowe settled in Spanish Florida in 1803. John Knight settled in what would become Duval County and then Clay County in later years. John Tolson Lowe settled on the St. Mary’s and Bell Rivers. This area would become Duval County and Nassau County in later years.

    In 1810 and 1812, the United States annexed parts of West Florida to Louisiana and the Mississippi Territory. Spain ceded the rest of Florida to the United States in 1819. Only 5,000 white settlers lived in Florida at the time. In 1822 Florida was organized into a territory and Tallahassee was laid out as the capital.

    The two original counties were Escambia and St. John’s. Duval County was created from part of St. John’s County in 1822. Nassau was created from the northern part of Duval County in 1824.

    The First Seminole War lasted from 1812-1813. The Second Seminole War lasted from 1835-1842. Florida became a state on 3 May 1845. The first state-wide election was held on 26 May 1845. Three of my maternal great grandfathers voted in that election in the settlement of Alligator. Alligator became Lake City in later years. The Third Seminole War lasted from 1855-1858.

    Florida seceded from the United States in 1861 when the Civil War started. Parts of Florida, including Jacksonville, remained in Union control for most of the Civil War. Florida was re-admitted to the United States in 1868.

    My gr-gr-gr grandfather John Tolson Lowe received Spanish land grants totaling 6,000 acres in 1804. All of this land was on the Bells and St. Mary's rivers in what would become Nassau County in 1824. John Tolson Lowe also received land grants totaling 10,000 acres on the north Indian River Lagoon. 5,000 acres were sold in 1821 for $2,000. John died in 1824. The land was tied up in court until 1882 when it was finally sold. The deed is unreadable so I don't know who bought the land which was located between Titusville and Oak Hill.
    Shrimp Gritter likes this.
  2. Nautical Gator

    Nautical Gator Forum Captain, Moderator, Peacekeeper Staff Member

    Cool read, the things we now take for granted...
  3. lower matecumbe

    lower matecumbe Junior Member

    thanks for the read, great family history

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